Mangrove trees are plants or plant communities that live in the sea and the land that is affected by tides. Mangrove habitat is often found at the meeting place between the mouth of the river and sea water from the mainland later became patron of the ocean waves. River freshwater flow to mangroves and at high tide, mangrove trees surrounded by salt water or brackish water.
Mangrove forests and thrives in the vast delta region and the flow of the river with a wide estuary. On the beach there are no rivers, narrow mangrove areas. Mangrove forests have great tolerance to salt and can thrive in high salinity land where ordinary crops can not grow.
forest ecosystems provide many benefits both indirectly (non economic
value) as well as directly to human life (economic vallues).
Some indirect benefits as human consumption include:
Regenerate and stabilize the beach islandOne
of the benefits as well as the role and mangrove ecosystems, mangrove
root system is a complex and tightly, can trap heavy traces of organic
materials and sediments are carried by sea from the mainland. This process causes sea water kept clean and thus saved the life of seagrass (seagrass) and coral reefs. Because
this process is often said to be forming the mainland mangrove sediment
and soil for growing withheld shoreline development from time to time. Expand
the boundaries of coastal mangrove growth and provide opportunities for
terrestrial plants live and thrive in the mainland. Roots of mangrove trees also keep shorelines from erosion. Viviparous
fruit that can travel up to water-borne settled on a shallow foundation
can grow and become a collection of new mangrove habitat. In the long period of the new habitat can be expanded into its own island.
respiration (peg roots) of the fires and tancang not only serves to
plant respiration, but also play a role in capturing sediment and can
clear the content of chemicals from water that comes from the land and
into the sea. River water that flows from the mainland often carry chemicals or pollutants. When
the river water through the roots of the tree peg fires, chemical
substances that can be released and the water continues to flow into
the ocean to be clean. Many people see this as an area of marginal land that is not useful to a handful of soil to be more productive. It is very harmful because it can cover tree roots causing breathing and die.
Venturing into the food chainMangrove leaves that fall and into the water. After reaching the bottom decomposed by micro-organisms (bacteria and fungi). This
decomposition is food for larvae and small animals water which in turn
fall prey to larger animals and land animals that live or visit in the
Protect and nourishRoots
of mangrove trees sticks giving nourishment and a nursery area for fish
and invertebrate animals that live in the vicinity. Fish
and shrimp are caught in the ocean and coral reefs in the area before
the adults need protection from predators and a sufficient supply of
nutrients in the mangrove area. Various types of land animals shelter or stop perches and foraging in mangrove habitat.
Mangrove Benefit For Humans
communities generally recognize that mangrove forests are very useful
and can be utilized in a variety of ways to make ends meet. Mangrove tree is a strong woody trees and leafy. Starting from the roots, bark, tree trunks, leaves and flowers can all be utilized human.
Some uses of mangrove trees that can be felt in everyday life include:
Anchoring placeTerlidung bay area is often used as a port and bertambatnya boat. In case of bad weather mangrove trees can be used as protection for boats and ships by tying the mangrove trees. It should be noted that this kind of method is not used as a mooring habit because it can damage the mangrove trees in question.
Drug Makers materialsTree bark can be used for preservatives and drugs. Various drugs can be produced from mangrove plants. Bark mix some certain mangrove species can be used as medicine for itching or inflammation of the skin. Mangrove plants traditionally used as an antidote to snake bites, rheumatism, digestive tract disorders and others. A
kind of tree sap which is associated with the mangrove (blind-your-eye
mangrove) or Excoecaria agallocha can cause temporary blindness if
contact with eyes, but these lymph fluid contains chemicals that may be
useful for treating pain from the sting of marine animals.
Water fruit and bark of young mangrove roots can be used repel mosquitoes. Tancang juice can be used as eye cleanser. Tancang bark is used traditionally as an upset stomach and reduce the heat. In
Cambodia this material is used as an antidote to poison fish, fruit
tancang can clean the eyes, skin pain medication and in India used to
stop bleeding. Mangrove leaves when in put in the water can be used in fishing as fish intoxicating narcotic (stupefied).
PreservativeTancang fruit trees can be used as dyes and preservatives and mesh fabrics by soaking in boiling water the fruit tancang. In
addition to preserving the result is also a brown-red coloration to
dark brown, depending on the length of dark and soaking the material. This staining is widely used for the production of batik, to obtain orange-brown staining. Air Cleaner bark decoction is used to preserve materials payang nets by local fishermen in Labuan, Banten.
GroceriesThe leaves contain lots of protein. Young leaves tree fires can be eaten as a vegetable or vegetables. The leaves can be used as an extra for animal feed. Flowers mangrove species contain many fires or liquid nectar by honey bees can be converted into a high quality. The fruit is bitter, but when cooked it hatihati can also be eaten. .
Building MaterialsMangrove trees as fuel much better as firewood or made in the form of charcoal for household and small industries. Trunk is useful as a building material. When
the mangrove trees reach the age and size of the rod high enough, can
be used as the main mast or keel sailboats and can be used for
residential construction beam. Solid wood rods and water resistant building materials and used for soil reinforcement spout. Rod type tancang large and hard to be a pillar, pile, telephone poles or railroad bearings. For fishermen mangrove wood can also be for a fishing pole. The bark can be made rope or netting material.
Jumat, 26 April 2013
Friday, March 15st 2013 11:03 WIB | 745 Views
Forestry Minister and Deputy Governor of Jakarta Population and Housing Sector Control with Papanggo Headman, Chief Youth and representatives Papanggo Elementary School in Papanggo as recipients. (Arset Pushumas/ANTARA)
Forestry Minister stated in his speech that "Forest City Policy in some municipalities received a warm welcome from the community spirit shown by the increased planting of tall trees.
According to the Forestry Planting trees in the Jakarta area needs to be done so that the green open space will increase. Forest City was built, as we are currently doing in the area of the reservoir and the settlement, be the type of protection as well as recreation.
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